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TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT

Sustained Trible development Projects

Manikgarh Hills Community Development Project (MHCDP)

Manikgarh Hills Community Development Project (MHCDP) was started in August 2009 by Centre for Social Action with the help of Kindernothilfe (KNH), Germany, aimed to create an ideal society, which would provide ample opportunity to children for their holistic development by covering 24 villages in Jiwati Taluk in Chandrapur Dist. The target communities were Gond Tribes, Kollam Tribes (One of the extinct tribes of India), the Banjara Nomadic tribes and Dalits.

The main issues found during the beginning of the project were;

  • Nutrition status of children below 5yrs was low

  • There were no Anganawadis in 6 villages and around 70% of the children did not attend Anganawadis in the project villages.

  • 90% of the people were dependent on irregular and insecure wage labor.

  • Most of the agricultural lands were considered illegal by the forest department as they had not given land ownership documents (7/12 Patta document).

  • The farmers could not avail agriculture loans, crop insurance etc because of landlessness. 22% of the families had kutcha houses, 48% had semi pucca houses and only 30% had pucca houses.

  • Only one crop could be grown in the area due to water shortage

 

At the end of the project period,

  • 100% of school enrollment ensured up to 8th grade in all project villages.

  • Anganwadis were functioning effectively in all 23 villages

  • Income Generation Activities (IGA) were motivated, seed bank established, income increased by 45% through on-farm and off-farm livelihood activities.

  • 30% of marginal farmers covered through watershed activity were able to grow the second crop.

  • 800 tribal and poor families from the project area received the 7/12 land document, which is a legal document for land ownership.

  • With the introduction of watershed activity, 30% of marginal farmers covered through watershed activity were able to grow the second crop.

 

A total of 91 Self Help Groups (SHGs) (1015 members), 8 Cluster Level Associations (CLAs), 1 Federation, 24 Village Development Committees (VDCs), 14 Children’s Parliament have been formed. A sum of Rs. 80 Lakhs has been mobilized through the savings and the inter-loaning. The total revolving capital stands at Rs.21,69,515. Community Resource Centre has been constructed in the locality. The project is handed over to the local federation to ensure sustainability.

 

Jeevadhan Child-focused Community Development Project

The Jeevadhan CFCD Project with the support of Kindernothilfe, Germany was implemented by CSA from 2006 to 2013 covering 14 backward villages at the Nirmal Mandal of Adilabad District in Andhra Pradesh state (Now Telangana). The target group of the project was Gond Tribes, Banjara Nomadic tribes and Dalits.

Before CSA started its intervention in this area;

  • Majority of the people were illiterates (Around 50% of children did not attend Anganawadis in the project villages.  Nutrition status of children below 5yrs was low)

  • There were many child-related problems such as malnutrition, school dropouts, child labor, etc. child marriage was rampant in this area. 64% of the population belonged to SC/ST communities and 68% of them were below the poverty line (BPL)

  • The dropout rate among boys and girls was high. The dropout rate of girl children was higher than the boys.

  • Diversified livelihood opportunities and income-earning sources were lacking.

 

At the end of the project period,

  • 14 Anganwadis supported and the staffs were trained to run the centres which resulted in an increase in attendance at the centre. Model Anganwadi set up by CSA attracted 100% enrollment of the children in the project impact villages.

  • Nutritional status improved from 90% to 98%

  • School dropout reduced to 0 percent. 5 out of 8 health workers were observed as ASHA workers.

  • Income Generation opportunities were created through SHG funds and the project funds to enable women to earn a decent income through livelihood intervention. More than 500 families began to earn their livelihood activities through small business or animal husbandry or through agriculture.

The project has supported 1500 families, 800 women, 900 children and 400 youth. 90% of the people in the project area are Hindus belong to “Gond & Banjara tribes’. The project funding support came to an end on 31st March 2013 from the donor, but the development works are still continued through the registered federation promoted by the project.

 

Ongoing Tribal development Projects 

Bastar Community Development Project (BCDP)

Bastar Community Development Project (BCDP) was launched on 18th October 2015. This is implemented in 34 tribal villages of 19 Panchayats located in Pakhanjore Tehsil of Kanker District in Chhattisgarh. Centre for Social Action (CSA) – CHRIST (Deemed to be University) has been collaborating with Bastar Dharma Kshema Samiti (BDKS), which has its base at Kapsi block in Pakhanjoor Tehsil of Kanker District in Chhattisgarh state. The overall objective of the project is to understand and build base-line information on the socio-economic status of the SC/ST/OBC communities of the proposed 34 tribal villages and to set output indicators for the project period to promote sustainable transformational development and also providing training and integration Self-help group Approach to empower the women to develop their social, political and economic status. The project has formed and strengthened 71 SHGs in 34 projects impact villages. 12 SHGs have been linked with National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) and getting benefits. 651 SHG women and 57 SHGs are trained to set goals for themselves as well as for their community and helped to achieve them. 397 SHG women are trained on understanding gender issues and fight against violence and oppression. Training on Government welfare schemes - 192 families applied for Ration card (72 received) and 73 people applied for Labor card. 345 SHG members were trained on Forest Land Rights - 23 village people participated in the training programs (213 families submitted the application with Panchayat office). 590 families helped through seeds distribution under kitchen garden promotion and organic farming. 76 women were supported to improve their livelihood and started earning extra income for the family. The project envisages benefiting 1500 children, 1400 women and 800 adolescents/youth from 1709 Tribal families.

 

UDHIPANA YOJANA, Tiryani, Mandal, Asifabad, Telangana

This project was initiated in association with the Diocese of Adilabad, Telangana. The project is aimed at the welfare of poor children, jobless youth and farmers from remote villages who belong to the age of 15 to 50 years. Tiryani Mandal of Komuram Bheem Asifabad district of Telangana State was selected to implement the activities. The project was initiated to develop the tribal community called ‘Gond’. The activities implemented for the beneficiaries are training to women and youth, computer coaching for youth, automobile mechanic course and Organic training to the farmers. The project covered 500 families, 500 farmers, 800 youth and 300 women through this programme.

 

Integrated Community Development Project (ICDP), Niravilpuzha

Community development is initiated by CSA in collaboration with CEVA. The project is implemented in Thondernadu Panchayath, of Mananthavady Block in Wayanad District. The project

  • To provide educational support for the children belonging to the poor economic background.

  • To Empower women and youth

  • To provide vocational training for a sustainable livelihood.

  • To strengthen agriculture and animal husbandry and,

  • To improve medical and health care services

To achieve the above objectives, the following activities are implemented in the project impact villages.

  • Education support to the children

  • Supplementary Education centres to children

  • Educational support to the job oriented courses

  • Skill Training (Tailoring, automobile driving, computer training & Food processing)

  • Medical camps and treatment support to terminally ill patients/cancer patients

  • Strengthen sustainable agriculture and animal husbandry (Kitchen gardening & Backyard poultry)

  • Income Generation Programme (IGP) and

  • Counseling services for parents, children and adolescent girls